Chikonga Sichimayambitsa Khansa!

Zolemba za BBC zimawulula chowonadi.Chikonga sichimayambitsa khansa!

Malinga ndi malipoti, Rutgers University of New Jersey, USA, adasonkhanitsa madokotala 1,020 monga chinthu chofufuzira ndipo potsiriza adawonetsa kuti 80% ya madokotala amakhulupirira kuti chikonga ndi khansa.Ndipotu, sizinatsimikizidwebe.

Kupatula apo, wolemba BBC waku Britain "E-fodya (kutentha osawotcha timitengo): Zozizwitsa kapena Zowopsa” zimavumbula chowonadi.Mtsogoleri Aaron Bilbo anapeza: Zomera zambiri, monga tomato, mbatata, biringanya, tsabola wobiriwira zimakhala ndi chikonga.

Kuonjezera apo, Bambo Stanton Glantz, pulofesa wotsogola pa kafukufuku wa fodya ndi wosamveka kwambiri: "tchimo loyambirira" la chikonga ndilomwerekera koma palibe umboni wokwanira wa carcinogenicity.

Mafunso omwe amafunsidwa kuti, ngati chikonga sichimayambitsa khansa, zikutanthauza kuti kusuta kulibe vuto?

1. Chikonga: "chochititsa" chizoloŵezi cha kusuta

Lingaliro lakuti “chikonga m’fodya sichimayambitsa khansa” likhoza kusokoneza kuzindikira kwa anthu.Ponena za chifukwa chake zimakhala zoledzeretsa, makamaka chifukwa pamene tinthu ta nicotine timalowa mu ubongo ndikumangiriza ku "nicotinic acetylcholine receptor", ikhoza kutulutsa "wotumiza wokondwa" - kutulutsidwa kwa dopamine, zomwe zingapangitse Anthu kupanga chisangalalo ndi kukhutira. .

Komanso, chikonga chokha sichimawonekera pamndandanda wazinthu zoyambitsa khansa zoperekedwa ndi International Agency for Cancer, ndudu zomwe zili ndi makemikolo masauzande ambiri sizingavula chipewa cha "matenda amtundu woyamba".Pankhani imeneyi, Mtsogoleri wa FDA Scott Gottlieb ananena kuti “Imfa ndi matenda obwera chifukwa cha fodya kwenikweni zimayambitsidwa ndi kumwerekera ndi kusuta.Ngati mukufuna kuthetsa vuto la kusuta, muyenera kuthana ndi vuto lokonda kusuta.

2. Zadziwika kale kuti kusuta kumayambitsa khansa

Ngakhale kuti chikonga sichimayambitsa khansa mwachindunji, izi sizikutanthauza kuti kusuta sikuvulaza thanzi.Ndipotu si chikonga chimene chimayambitsa khansa posuta koma ndi mankhwala obisika mu utsi wa fodya.Utsiwu uli ndi zinthu zoposa 7,000 za mankhwala, kuphatikizapo mazana a zinthu zovulaza monga carbon monoxide, nitric oxide ndi mpweya wina woipa;cadmium, lead, mercury ndi zitsulo zina zolemera ndi zinthu zotulutsa ma radio.Ndipo pali mitundu yopitilira 69 yama carcinogens, kuphatikiza N-nitrosamines, amines onunkhira, formaldehyde ndi zina zotero.

Kuwonjezera pa kuonjezera chiopsezo cha khansa, kusuta kungayambitsenso chiopsezo cha matenda aakulu a kupuma, matenda a mtima ndi cerebrovascular, shuga ndi matenda ena.Choncho, kusuta kuli ndi zoopsa zambiri ku thanzi laumunthu, choncho ndibwino kuti muyesere kuti musakhale nazo.

3. Ndudu zamagetsi si "zosavuta" monga momwe mukuganizira

Magazini yachipatala yodziwika bwino padziko lonse lapansi yotchedwa “The Lancet” inanenapo kuti kuchepa kwa phula ndi chikonga chae-fodya (wopanga heatstick supplier)zipangitsa kuti osuta azidya phula lochulukirapo chifukwa cha "kusuta kolipira".Choncho, pa ndudu zamagetsi, aliyense ayenera kukhala osamala komanso osamala.

Malinga ndi zomwe bungwe la National Health and Health Commission linanena, achinyamata ambiri akugwiritsa ntchito ndudu za e-fodya komanso pakati pa anthu azaka zapakati pa 15 ndi kupitirira.Komabe, kuvulaza sikumatengedwa mozama.Chikonga chomwe chili mu ndudu zamagetsi chimasokoneza mosavuta.Ngati achinyamata akumana ndi chikonga, chikhoza kuwononga mbali za ubongo zomwe zimayendetsa chidwi, kuphunzira, ndi malingaliro ndipo zimakhudza kukula kwa ubongo.Kumbali ina, ngati akuluakulu adziwika, satetezedwa chifukwa ndudu za e-fodya zimakhalanso ndi ma carcinogens monga ma polycyclic onunkhira a hydrocarbons, omwe amakhudza kwambiri chitukuko cha khansa.

Choncho, chifukwa cha thanzi, ndudu zamtundu uliwonse ndi ndudu zamagetsi ziyenera kuchotsedwa ndipo chofunika kwambiri ndi kupirira.Ngati ndi kotheka, mukhoza kupeza thandizo la akatswiri.


Nthawi yotumiza: Mar-25-2022